As with any other computing system, an Internet of Things (IoT) deployment is incomplete without an operating system. These operating systems enable users to carry out basic computing functions within Internet-connected devices.
In this article, we take a look at these IoT operating systems, and we detail the leading OSes that are used to drive IoT systems.
Also see: 6 IoT Challenges and How to Fix Them
IoT operating systems are operating systems that enable developers and business teams to engage with embedded devices and systems, program their capabilities, and track the data they generate as part of IoT applications.
These operating systems provide processing ability at a scale required for stable and consistent performance. Akin to standard operating systems, IoT operating systems help users to execute computer functions within connected devices.
Also see: 7 Enterprise Networking Challenges
IoT strategies are increasingly being prioritized by businesses across numerous industries as greater connectivity of devices and systems shows promise in optimizing customer experience and operations in unprecedented ways.
For a successful IoT initiative, developers require access and control over individual devices to ensure they execute the correct applications for each device system or asset. An IoT operating system gives them such power.
IoT operating systems will be useful to you if you seek to:
Also see: Best Network Management Solutions
To choose the correct IoT operating system for your applications and environments, there are a few factors to consider:
Also see: Top Edge Computing Companies
Nucleus RTOS is a real-time operating system that equips system developers with the ability to tackle the complex requirements of advanced embedded designs. It is deployed in more than 3 billion devices and delivers a microkernel-based operating system built for reliability and scalability. Its kernel-rich capabilities and tooling features are ideal for use cases that require a scalable footprint, power management, security, and deterministic performance.
Highly demanding markets with stringent safety and security prerequisites like industrial systems, airborne systems, medical devices, and automotive all feature successful Nucleus deployments.
TinyOS is an embedded, open-source, component-based operating system for low-power wireless devices used by a community spanning academia and industry. The operating system serves low-power wireless devices like those used in ubiquitous computing, wireless networks, smart meters, smart buildings, and personal area networks.
Since TinyOS is dependent on the events it receives from its environment, it is an event-driven operating system. Its memory optimization capabilities make TinyOS popular among developers.
Amazon FreeRTOS is an open-source real-time operating system for resource-constrained devices. It simplifies the programming, deployment, security, connectivity, and management of small, low-power edge devices. The cloud-neutral operating system is characterized by a fast, responsive and reliable kernel and is implemented in more than 40 architectures. This provides developers with a vast choice of hardware to go with sets of prepackaged software libraries.
Some of FreeRTOS’s use cases include the local collection and processing of data, management of multiple commercial equipment tasks and the remote updating of devices.
Windows 10 IoT enables developers to use the power of Windows 10 to build IoT solutions quickly and securely by providing developer tools, enterprise-grade security and long-term support. Windows provides a trusted operating system upon which IoT solutions can be created and deployed. It helps its users to connect their devices to the cloud using Azure IoT and take advantage of insights to deliver personalized experiences, deepen customer engagement and improve business results.
Windows 10 IoT comes in two editions: Windows 10 IoT Core and Windows 10 IoT Enterprise.
Tizen is a flexible operating system designed by a community of developers under open-source governance to specifically address the needs of application developers, device manufacturers, mobile operators, and more stakeholders of the mobile and connected device ecosystem. Developers can use Tizen to build powerful applications and execute them on a wide spectrum of devices.
It provides a set of exhaustive tools to create Tizen-native and web applications through Tizen Studio, which consists of an integrated development environment (IDE), toolchain, Emulator, sample code, and documentation.
RIOT OS is a free open-source operating system, with a global community cutting across industry, hobbyists, and academia, that supports most low-power IoT devices and external devices. It also support 8-, 16-, and 32-bit microcontroller architectures. It provides a microkernel, utilities, and network stacks that include data structures, cryptographic libraries, and a shell among others. The operating system mostly targets systems that are too constrained to run Linux. It seeks to implement all applicable open standards that support a secure, durable, and connected Internet of Things.
Wind River VxWorks is a real-time operating system that offers the performance, reliability, security, and safety functionality required to attain the maximum standards for running the embedded computing systems of its users’ critical infrastructure. It is a priority-based preemptive RTOS with low latency and the slightest jitter. It’s built on an architecture that’s not only upgradable but also future-proof to enable its customers to respond to shifting market and technology needs.
VxWorks also supports application deployment through containers. This modern approach to RTOS raises developer productivity and helps them deploy embedded and safety-critical applications confidently.
Enterprise Networking Planet aims to educate and assist IT administrators in building strong network infrastructures for their enterprise companies. Enterprise Networking Planet contributors write about relevant and useful topics on the cutting edge of enterprise networking based on years of personal experience in the field.
Advertise with TechnologyAdvice on Enterprise Networking Planet and our other IT-focused platforms.
Property of TechnologyAdvice.
© 2022 TechnologyAdvice. All Rights Reserved
Advertiser Disclosure: Some of the products that appear on this site are from companies from which TechnologyAdvice receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site including, for example, the order in which they appear. TechnologyAdvice does not include all companies or all types of products available in the marketplace.